| Tennessee was the western
territory of North Carolina until Tennessee became a state on June 1, 1796.
Land grants were issued to military veterans of the Revolutionary War and,
later, to land speculators. The first and largest land grant area was the
Military Reservation located on the North at the dividing line between
Virginia (now Kentucky), west to the Tennessee River, south 55 miles and
then east 130 miles.
It was called the Military
Reservation of 1783 and was the first major area of Tennessee to be settled
west of the Cherokee Reservation at the foothills of the Great Smokey Mountains.
Robertson, Sumner, Smith, Wayne, and other original counties were formed
from this Reservation.